sarf.120198

First publication page
Title Bangadarshan
Document Type Journal
Language Bengali

Documents available for this title

Volume I

Volume II

Volume III

Volume IV

Volume V

Volume VI

Volume VII

Volume VIII

Volume IX

Volume XI

Suggested Keywords

poems, short, stories, essays, commentaries, satires, musical, notations, Bankim, Chandra, Chattopadhyay, Calcutta, India

Commentary

Bangadarshan, a monthly Bengali literary journal, was founded in 1279 B.S. (1872) by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, one of the greatest writers of nineteenth-century Bengal. His objective was to raise Bengali language and literature to a higher plane. In fact, the journal served as a mirror of Bankim’s illustrious literary career as poet, novelist, critic, religious commentator, philosopher, social reformer and patriot. After Bankim, the journal was edited by his brothers Sanjib Chandra and Srish Chandra until the 1880s when it was discontinued. The journal was again revived by Rabindranath Tagore in 1901 in a new form. Written in Sadhu Bhasha or chaste Bengali, it published novels, poems, short stories, essays, commentaries, satires, musical notations and book reviews. The themes the journal covered included literature, society, politics, religion, science and philosophy.

In the nineteenthcentury, Bankim Chandra remained the main contributor to the journal. Other noted authors who contributed to Bangadarshan during this period included Dinabandhu Mitra, Hemchandra Bandyopadhyay, Jagadishnath Ray, Taraprasad Chattopadhyay, Krishna Kamal Bhattacharya, Ramdas Sen and Akhshay Chandra Sarkar. Bangadarshan challenged the domination of Farsi, Urdu and English, and made a great contribution to the formation and development of Bengali prose literature in particular. The journal became a vehicle for the ideas of contemporary Bengali intelligentsia, and inspired patriotic sentiments. Bankim Chandra's controversial song 'Bande Mataram' was first published in Bangadarshan. Most of Bankim’s patriotic works – novels, essays or commentaries – also first appeared in this journal. Bankim Chandra edited the journal for four years, but remained its patron and contributor until his death. The new Bangadarshan revived by Rabindranath serially published his first novel Chokher Bali and also his poems. It played a significant role during the movement against the partition of Bengali of 1905 to promote the cause of Swadeshi and nationalism as conceived by Rabindranath.

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