sarf.120215

First publication page
Title Mouchak
Document Type Journal
Language Bengali
Publisher Name Sri Sudhirchandra Sarkar
Publisher Region Calcutta

Documents available for this title

Volume XV

Volume XVI

Volume XXVII

Volume XVIII

Volume XXI

Volume XXVII

Volume XXVIII

Volume XXIX

Volume XXX

Volume XXXI

Volume XXXII

Commentary

Founded by Sudhir Chandra Sarkar, Mouchak was one of the most popular Bengali children’s journals published by M.C. Sircar & Sons, Calcutta, since 1327 B.S. (1920). It was a monthly illustrated journal that published all kinds of literature suitable for children – poems, rhymes, stories, novels and plays along with essays, commentaries, translations, travelogues, biographies, obituaries, historical accounts, quizzes, book reviews and puzzles. The fiction consisted of a wide variety – detective, horror and science. The regular sections of the journal included ‘Grahak Grahikader Lekha’ (Writings of the Subscribers); ‘Dhandhar Khela’ (Puzzle Games); ‘Notun Boi’ (New Books); ‘Madhu Chakra’ (Honey Cycle); and ‘Jano ki” (Do You Know?).

Mouchak was rated highly in the early twentieth century for its contribution in shaping the minds of Bengali children. It also contributed greatly to the development of children’s literature in the Bengali language. Achintya Kumar Sengupta’s famous biographical novel ‘Bireswar Vivekananda: Bile’ was first published serially in Mouchak. Hemendra Kumar Roy, another noted Bengali writer, wrote his first detective story for Mouchak. Other authors who contributed their writings to the journal included: Sunirmal Basu, Saradindu Bandyopadhyay, Gajendra Kumar Mitra, Kalidas Ray, Akhil Neogi (Swapan Buro), Sourindra Mohan Mukhopadhyay, Bibhuti Bhushan Mukhopadhyay, Ramani Mohan Pal, Sibram Chakraborty, Indira Debi, and Pushpa Debi. While Mouchak excelled in the publication of juvenile literature, the articles published in the journal catered for wide-ranging themes. Written in a very lucid and story-telling style, these articles provided the readers with a storehouse of information and historical narratives. Pulakesh De Sarkar’s ‘Atharosho Satanner Du Ekti Pata’ (A Few Pages from 1857), Biswanath Bhattacharya’s ‘Jokhon Kagoj Chhilo Na’ (When There Was No Paper), Jitendra Kumar Nag’s ‘Manaber Bikash’ (The Evolution of Man), and Kedarnath Chattopadhyay’s ‘Raja Rammohun’ were some such articles.

Some articles in the journal encouraged its readers to take up physical exercise and sporting activity and to cultivate healthy habits. The journal, in every issue, focused on newly published children’s books. With a short introduction, these books were reviewed critically. Another striking feature of the journal was that it reported the achievements of individual subscribers in education or other fields. The illustrations and photographs published in the journal would have contributed to its popularity.

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