Janmabhoomi, a monthly Bengali journal, was started in 1891. Published by Kebalram Chattopadhyay from the house of Bangabasi at Kolkata, it was one of the few long-surviving Bengali journals, which continued publication for 39 years. Janmabhoomi focused on literature, history, religion, philosophy, science, entrepreneurship and industrial production. The journal published novels, stories and poems along with essays, commentaries, autobiographies, biographies, translations, and critical appreciations. The journal in its first years gave attention to production, entrepreneurship and trade, with special reference to Bengali efforts, while later on, and particularly during the Swadeshi Movement, it became more focused on the various dimensions of Hinduism. The journal carried many illustrations.
Translations of great authors such as William Shakespeare appeared in the journal. Mention may be made of ‘Othello’ and ‘Romeo–Juliet’. Authors included Hemchandra Mitra, Panchanan Tarkaratna, Haran Chandra Rakshit, Sarbeswar Mitra, Hirendranath Dutta, Narayan Chandra Sen, Trailokyanath Mukhopadhyay, Ramlal Bandyopadhyay, Nabin Chandra Sen, Khirod Chandra Ray, Bipin Bihari Rakshit, Debendra Bijay Basu, Beharilal Sarkar, and Dinabandhu Mitra. Published articles included Thakurdas Mukhopadhyay’s ‘Ramani Regiment’ (Women’s Regiment) and ‘Gyaner Proman’ (Proof of Knowledge); Panchanan Tarkaratna’s ‘Nyaya Darshan’ (Nyaya Philosophy) and ‘Swadeshanurag o Swadharmanurag’ (Love of Nation and Love of Religion); Prafulla Chandra Bandyopadhyay’s ‘Sri Bhagabad Gitar Padyanubad’ (Poetical Translation of the Bhagavad Gita); Ramendra Sundar Tribedi’s ‘Photography’; Chandrasekhar Mukhopadhyay’s ‘Napoleoner Pratyabartan’ (The Return of Napoleon); Beharilal Sarkar’s ‘Pratham Bharatpur Juddha’ (The First Bharatpur War), Girija Prasanna Ray’s ‘Falita Jyotish’ (Applied Astrology); and Rangalal Mukhopadhyay’s ‘Bhismacharit o Bangla Byakaron’ (Bhismacharit and Bengali Grammar).
Other articles addressed themes of history such as the Puranas, Hiuen Tsang, Akbar’s court, Mumtazmahal, Plassey, the siege of Arcot, the Revolt of 1857, and Napoleon Bonaparte.