Basudha was an illustrated monthly Bengali journal of late colonial Bengal, and was published from the Basudha Karjalay, Calcutta. It was first published in 1308 B.S. (1901). Its first editor was Bankubihari Dhar, and Brajaballav Ray Kabyakantha Bisharad was the assistant editor. The journal carried stories, novels, poems, biographical accounts, obituaries, essays, commentaries, and book reviews. It had three regular sections – ‘Bichitra Prasanga’ (Diverse Matters), ‘Grantha Somalochona’ (Book Reviews), and ‘Bibidha’ (Various). ‘Bichitra Prasanga’ used to provide short notes on diverse aspects of life, culture and science. ‘Grantha Somalochona’ or book reviews were brief but critical. Later on, literary reviews including critical reviews of periodicals and essays (‘Sahitya Somalochona’) were included in the journal. The section ‘Bibidha’ offered information and news relating to the publication of the journal.
Fiction writers for the journal included Debendranath Sen, Tarakumar Kabiratna, Debendra Narayan Ray, Harisadhan Mukhopadhyay, Ratnamala Debi, Brajaballav Ray, Jibendra Kumar Datta, Akhshay Kumar Baral, Panchkari De, and Gyanchandra Mukhopadhyay. The articles published in the journal covered various subjects – language, literature, history, religion, philosophy, anthropology, agriculture, public health, trade and industry, judiciary, games, and culture. These included Bipinbihari Gupta’s ‘Amader Sikhsha’ (Our Education) and ‘Shilpa o Banijya Sikhsha’ (Industrial and Commercial Education); Brajaballav Ray’s ‘Sekaler Adalat’ (Courts of that Age); Taraknath Biswas’s ‘Upanyaser Prabhab’ (The Impact of Novels); Sanat Kumar Barat’s ‘Gopalan o Paricharja’ (Cow Farming); Jogendranath Gupta’s ‘Tasher Itihas’ (The History of Cards); Akhshaychandra Sarkar’s ‘Banglar Swasthonnoti’ (The Improvement of Health in Bengal); and Ganapati Ray’s ‘Bouddha o Jaina Prabhab’ (The Impact of Buddhism and Jainism).
Basudha carried biographical accounts of historical personalities and religious leaders. These included Sadhak Tukaram, Guru Nanak, Kabir, Tulsidas, Narahari Thakur, Ramanujacharya, Ramprasad Sen, Lochon Das, Nischal Das, Jogibar Paohari Baba, and Khanja Ali. The illustrations related predominantly to religious, epic and historical themes, personalities and places, such as mother goddess idols, Shiva and Durga, Shakuntala, Chaitanya Deb, Guru Nanak, Humayun’s Mosque, Sriranganath Temple, and Bodh Gaya.