First publication page
Title Bharati ( & Bharati O Balak)
Document Type Journal
Language Bengali
Publisher Name Satishchandra Mukhopadhyay


Bharati was one of the most acclaimed Bengali journals of the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries. Started in 1284 B.S. (1877), the journal was published monthly by the illustrious Tagore Family of Jorasanko, Calcutta. Its founder editor was Dwijendranath Tagore. Others who followed him as editors of the journal were all prominent personalities of the time – Swarnakumari Debi, Hiranmayi Debi, Sarala Debi, Rabindranath Tagore, Saurindramohan Mukhopadhyay, and Manilal Gangopadhyay. Bharati was one of the very few Bengali journals of the period to have a number of women editors, who brought important women’s issues into the journal’s focus. In 1293 B.S. (1886), another journal Balak, edited by Jnanadanandini Debi, merged with Bharati and came to be published as Bharati o Balak for the next six years. Published uninterruptedly from 1877 to 1926, Bharati remained one of the few longest surviving Bengali periodicals of colonial Bengal.

Bharati contributed greatly to the evolution of Bengali literature by setting a high standard of literary merit and quality from the very beginning. The journal published poems, stories, novels and plays along with essays, commentaries, translations, reminiscences, biographical writings, travelogues, and book reviews. A section on contemporary issues (‘Samayik Prasanga’) featured regularly in the journal. Occasionally, serialized instructional essays on public health were published. Dr Chunilal Basu’s ‘Sarir Swastha Bidhan’ (Personal Hygiene) was an example of such writings. The discussions offered in the articles were mostly analytical and insightful, focusing on a wide range of themes including literature, history, politics, religion, philosophy, education, economy, science, medicine, music, theater, and current affairs. The journal came to reflect the sentiments of the nationalist movement in the first two decades of the twentieth century. The list of contributors to the journal included the names of Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, Sibnath Sashtri, Rabindranath Tagore, Dwijendranath Tagore, Swarnakumari Debi, Satyendranath Tagore, Hiranmayi Debi, Jyotirindranath Tagore, Balendranath Tagore, Brojendranath Bandyopadhyay, Krishnadhan Mukhopadhyay, Asutosh Chaudhury, Jadunath Sarkar, Satyendranath Datta, and Hemendra Kumar Ray.

Songs with musical notations were also published in the journal. Illustrations appeared in the form of reproductions from the paintings of Abanindranath Tagore and Gaganendranath Tagore.

Documents available for this title

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